考情回顧|2019年7月6日雅思考試都考察了哪些重難點?


來源:   時間:2019-07-09 13:51:59

閱讀部分

經歷了上周閱讀只有三道填空題, 本場考試考試題型以填空題為主。
其實也并沒有那么可怕,何況第二篇還是之前的原題。雅思閱讀承包了一年熱搜可還不是場場不缺八分九分的同學。所以認真訓練提升了實力,無論什么題型都可以拿高分。
 
PASSAGE 1
主題:測謊儀
題型:判斷
答案:
T

NG 
T
T
F
F
NG
 
PASSAGE 2
主題:螞蟻教學
題型:判斷、填空
Ants Could Teach Ants
A The ants are tiny and usually nest between rocks in the south coast of England. Transformed into research subjects at the University of Bristol, they raced along a tabletop foraging for food -and then, remarkably, returned to guide others. Time and again, followers trailed behind leaders, darting this way and that along the route, presumably to memorize land- marks. Once a follower got its bearings, it tapped the leader with its antennae, prompting the lesson to literally proceed to the next step. The ants were only looking for food but the researchers said the careful way the leaders led followers -thereby turning them into leaders in their own right -marked the Temnothorax albipennis ant as the very first example of a non-human animal exhibiting teaching behavior.
 
B "Tandem running is an example of teaching, to our knowledge the first in a non-human animal, that involves bidirectional feedback between teacher and pupil," remarks Nigel Franks, professor of animal behavior and ecology, whose paper on the ant educators was published last week in the journal Nature.
 
C No sooner was the paper published, of course, than another educator questioned it. Marc Hauser, a psychologist and biologist and one of the scientists who came up with the definition of teaching, said it was unclear whether the ants had learned a new skill or merely acquired new information.
 
D Later, Franks took a further study and found that there were even races between leaders. With the guidance of leaders, ants could find food faster. But the help comes at a cost for the leader, who normally would have reached the food about four times faster if not hampered by a follower. This means the hypothesis that the leaders deliberately slowed down in order to pass the skills on to the followers seems potentially valid. His ideas were advocated by the students who carried out the video project with him.
 
E Opposing views still arose, however. Hauser noted that mere communication of information is commonplace in the animal world. Consider a species, for example, that uses alarm calls to warn fellow members about the presence of a predator. Sounding the alarm can be costly, because the animal may draw the attention of the predator to itself. But it allows others to flee to safety. “Would you call this teaching?” wrote Hauser. “The caller incurs a cost. The naive animals gain a benefit and new knowledge that better enables them to learn about the predator’s location than if the caller had not called. This happens throughout the animal kingdom, but we don’t call it teaching, even though it is clearly transfer of information.”
 
F Tim Caro, a zoologist, presented two cases of animal communication. He found that cheetah mothers that take their cubs along on hunts gradually allow their cubs to do more of the hunting -going, for example, from killing a gazelle and allowing young cubs to eat to merely tripping the gazelle and letting the cubs finish it off. At one level, such behavior might be called teaching -except the mother was not really teaching the cubs to hunt but merely facilitating various stages of learning. In another instance, birds watching other birds using a stick to locate food such as insects and so on, are observed to do the same thing themselves while finding food later.
 
G Psychologists study animal behavior in part to understand the evolutionary roots of human behavior, Hauser said. The challenge in understanding whether other animals truly teach one another, he added, is that human teaching involves a “theory of mind” -teachers are aware that students don’t know something. He questioned whether Frank’s leader ants really knew that the follower ants were ignorant. Could they simply have been following an instinctive rule to proceed when the followers tapped them on the legs or abdomen? And did leaders that led the way to food -only to find that it had been removed by the experimenter -incur the wrath of followers? That, Hauser said, would suggest that the follower ant actually knew the leader was more knowledgeable and not merely following an instinctive routine itself.
 
H The controversy went on, and for a good reason. The occurrence of teaching in ants, if proven to be true, indicates that teaching can evolve in animals with tiny brains. It is probably the value of information in social animals that determines when teaching will evolve rather than the constraints of brain size.
 
Bennett Galef Jr., a psychologist who studies animal behavior and social learning at McMaster University in Canada, maintained that ants were unlikely to have a “theory of mind” -meaning that leader and followers may well have been following instinctive routines that were not based on an understanding of what was happening in another ant’s brain. He warned that scientists may be barking up the wrong tree when they look not only for examples of humanlike behavior among other animals but humanlike thinking that underlies such behavior. Animals may behave in ways similar to humans without a similar cognitive system, he said, so the behavior is not necessarily a good guide into how humans came to think the way they do.
 
Questions 1-5
Look at the following statements (Questions 1-5) and the list of people in the box below.
Match each statement with the correct person, A, B, C or D.
Write the correct letter, A, B, C or D, in boxes 1-5 on your answer sheet.
NB You may use any letter more than once.
1  Animals could use objects to locate food.---C
2  Ants show two-way, interactive teaching behaviors.---A
3  It is risky to say ants can teach other ants like human beings do.---D
4  Ant leadership makes finding food faster.---A
5  Communication between ants is not entirely teaching.---B
List of People
A Nigel Franks
B Marc Hauser
C Tim Caro
D Bennett Galef Jr.
 
Questions 6-9
Choose FOUR letters, A-H
Write your answers in boxes 6-9 on your answer sheet.
Which FOUR of the following behaviors of animals are mentioned in the passage? 
A touch each other with antenna
B alert others when there is danger
C escape from predators
D protect the young
E hunt food for the young
F fight with each other
G use tools like twigs
H feed on a variety of foods
 
Questions 10-13
Do the following statements agree with the claims of the writer in Reading Passage?
In boxes 10-13 on your answer sheet, write
YES if the statement agrees with the claims of the writer
NO if the statement contradicts the claims of the writer
NOT GIVEN if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this
10 Ants' tandem running involves only one-way communication.---TRUE
11 Frank's theory got many supporters immediately after publicity.---FALSE
12  Ants' teaching behavior is the same as that of human.---NOT GIVEN
13  Cheetah share hunting gains to younger ones---FALSE
 
PASSAGE 3
主題:雪崩
題型:填空
  

聽力部分

SECTION 1 
主題:假日房屋租賃
題型:10填空題
 
答案(選項):
1、September 14 
2、835
3、School
4、River
5、Desk
6、Garage
7、Towels
8、Chinese
9、200
10、July
 
SECTION 2
主題:Bridge to Brisbane Fun run race
題型:4選擇+6地圖
答案(選項):
11、A-school outer ground
12、A-on cloth or singlet
13、B-red
14、B-handing water to the athletes
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15. Main Stage——F
16. T-shirt change——A
17. Bag collection——B
18. Information center——H
19. water supply area ——G
20. First aid——I
 
SECTION 3
主題:關于農業的學術討論
題型:6選擇+4匹配
答案(選項):
21. A: the location of the farms
22. B:to get a complete answer
23. A:by showing them a series of pictures
24. B: it is often irrelevant for farmers' actual want 
25. C: are not willing to spend money
26. B: make changes based on limited research
 
27—30 Matching
27、it's very boring
28、it's badly organized
29、it's inaccurate
30、it's out of date
 
SECTION 4
主題:藝術畫畫
題型:10填空
答案(選項):
31. rags made from wool
32. Brown is good at natural bird images
33. in the symbol of rain
34. based on symbols, structures, family, and nature
35. he started design in prison
36. design can be used in clothing
37. Jimmy’s inspiration comes from Australia, especially the desert
38. Jeans is famous because of lizards and a snake
39. Fabric’s background looks like arainbow
40. name of theft case is after by a young couple:Carpet case.
  

寫作部分

小作文依舊是中規中矩的數據圖表。但是大作文明顯沒有上幾場好寫,在線商業培訓這個話題對于沒有工作經驗、練習不夠的考生的確是不太友善。

Task One
類型:多個動態圖
題目:比較四個國家人口占比
 
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Task Two
類型:觀點類
題目:
As technology develops, online business meetings and business training increasingly rise. Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?
(重復2018年1月20日亞太區A類Task2
 
解析:優缺點題目。
這個題目有并列結構,寫在一起。
這個題目的難點在于很多同學會籠統地將它看做是討論網絡培訓的優點和缺點,卻沒有注意到題目是針對商業。譬如說“如果說面對面交流的技能下降”,就不是很合理,因為沒有見面開會和培訓,不代表其他場合就不交流。

口語部分

Part1   高頻考點話題
- What does perfume mean to you??
- Do you give perfume as a gift?
- Do you like hot or cold places?
- Where do you like to play when you were young?
- Do you think it is good to make friends online?
- What are the disadvantages of social networking apps?
- Why do you use social networking apps?
- How often do you use social networking apps?
- Do you happy with your occupation?
- Does the weather change a lot in your country?
- Do you like to go to your friends' house?
- Do you like stay indoor or go outdoor?
- Will the bad weather affect your mood?
 
Part2  高頻考點話題
1.Describe a person who speaks a foreign language well.
2.Describe something you bought(or borrowed)but have not used very much.
3.Describe a time that you gave advice to others.
4. Describe your favorite piece of clothing.
5. Describe a time when you invite someone to have dinner at home or a restaurant.
6. Describe a famous person in foreign country.
7. Describe a historical building you have been to.
8. Describe your favorite singer or band.
9. Describe your ideal house or apartment.
10. Describe an impressive advertisement.
11. Describe a water sports you would like to try in the future.
12. Describe a time when you solved a problem through the internet.
13. Describe a person who has interesting ideas or opinions.
14. Describe a beautiful garden that you like.
15. Describe your grandparent’s job.
16. Describe someone you would like to study or work with.
17. Describe a special period of time in history in your country.
18. Describe a kind of food people eat during a special event.
19. Describe an experience that you went out with your friends and had a good time.
20. Describe a party you attend and like.
 
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